Afecțiuni tratate Quick Search: To find out which conditions can be treated in a minimally invasive way by interventional radiologists, click on the corresponding section below. An aneurysm is when the aorta enlarges abnormally. The wall of the aorta consists of layers.
If the inner layer peels off, this is called a dissection. Symptoms Many patients with aneurysms and dissections do not experience any symptoms. When they do cause symptoms, patients usually experience pain between the shoulders, in the abdomen or in renal cancer in bones back.
If the aneurysm or dissection leaks, patients bleed internally and may feel weak or collapse.
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Diagnosis If you have a large aneurysm in your abdomen, your doctor may be able to diagnose you by physically examining you. If you have an aneurysm of the aorta in renal cancer in bones chest, your doctor may be able to diagnose you using X-ray.
Ultrasound can be used to diagnose aortic aneurysms of the chest or abdomen. CT and MRI will diagnose aneurysms of any part of the aorta.
Treatment The treatment you will be given depends on the size of the aneurysm or dissection, the symptoms you experience and the rate of change. The aim of treatment is to prevent the affected area from rupturing or, if it has already ruptured, to treat the rupture.
Small aneurysms can be managed conservatively renal cancer in bones imaging follow-up and no treatment. Aneurysms which are large or are still growing may be managed by minimally invasive approaches, which place a prosthetic tube through a small hole inside the aneurysm to protect its weak walls.
Alternatively, a more suitable treatment option for you may be open surgery, in which a doctor will stitch in a prosthetic tube to replace the weakened aorta. Arterial occlusive disease Overview Arterial occlusive disease is a condition in which the arteries throughout the body renal cancer in bones become narrowed.
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It renal cancer in bones affect arms renal cancer in bones legs. Often, patients who suffer from lower extremity arterial occlusive disease also have other conditions, such as carotid artery disease and heart disease. The condition is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The major risk factors for arterial occlusive disease are age, high levels of cholesterol and triglycerides a type of fat found in the bloodhigh blood pressure, diabetes, smoking and a history of plaque build-up in the arteries.
Men are more likely than women to develop arterial occlusive disease. Symptoms may occur suddenly or gradually develop over a period of time.
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The most common symptoms are renal cancer in bones muscle pain and cramps, a continuous burning pain in the leg, numbness and pain caused by nerve damage, chest pain, high blood pressure and symptoms related to stroke. Diagnosis To renal cancer in bones diagnosed, you will undergo a physical examination. In addition, there are imaging techniques that can be used to aid diagnosis, such as CT, MRI and ultrasound. You may also undergo other tests, such as blood tests.
Treatment In some cases, patients may have to undergo specific procedures to relieve the narrowing of the artery and restore blood flow. Where feasible, minimally invasive approaches have become the preferred treatment options.
These include percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting. However, if the disease is advanced, surgery may be necessary in order to restore blood flow.
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Biliary obstruction Overview Biliary tract obstruction is a common clinical problem. The biliary tract is the path by which bile is released by the liver and taken to the small intestine. The most common causes of biliary tract obstruction are gallstones and renal cancer in bones tumours. Less common causes include inflammation of the pancreas, metastatic disease to the liver and a disease of papilloma virus gatti bile ducts that causes inflammation and obstruction.
Renal cancer in bones Patients often experience symptoms such as fever, abdominal pain in the upper right side, jaundice and nausea. Less frequent symptoms include itching and vomiting. Diagnosis Specific blood tests can usually rule out certain conditions, such as an inflammation of the gallbladder, infection of the bile duct and an increased level of waste product from the liver, liver enzymes, and alkaline phosphatase.
Any of these may indicate a loss of bile flow. Several imaging techniques, including ultrasound, MRI and CT, can be used to diagnose biliary duct obstruction. Treatment Treatments for biliary duct obstruction include renal cancer in bones, imaging and interventional radiology. An interventional radiologist may perform a biliary dilation through the skin and insert a stent, a small mesh renal cancer in bones, which can offer security in the management of biliary obstructions.
Bone tumours Overview A bone tumour is a mass of tissue as resulting from abnormal growth or cell division in the bone. There are two types of bone tumours, primary and secondary. Primary bone tumours develop first in the bone, while secondary bone tumours are tumours which develop elsewhere in the body and then spread to the bone. Primary bone tumours may be benign non-cancerous or malignant cancerous. Bone cancer can develop in any bone in your body, but most commonly renal cancer in bones in the hpv virus zyste bones in your arms and legs.
Symptoms The most common symptoms are pain, reduced functioning in the affected area and an increased risk of fractures. Diagnosis There are a number of methods your doctor may use to diagnose you, including radiograms which use X-rayMRI, CT and bone scintigraphy a type of diagnostic test which renal cancer in bones radioisotopes which external detectors turn into 2D images.
Your doctor may also use these techniques to evaluate the disease during follow-up. Treatment The best method of treatment for bone tumours is a multidisciplinary approach, meaning doctors from different fields work together to decide on the course of treatment which is best suited to you.
This can improve any functions that have been affected by the bone tumour, relieve any pain you are experiencing and, if the condition is life-threatening, prolong your survival.
The treatments that you will be offered first are radiotherapy, chemotherapy, bisphosphonates drugs that prevent the loss of bone mass and surgery.
In addition, there are a number of systemic and local therapies which can be used to cure or palliate bone tumours. Types of local therapies include interventional treatments such as embolisation, ablation techniques radiofrequency ablation, cryoablation, microwave ablation, laser ablation and focused ultrasound , vertebroplasty and osteoplasty.
Carotid artery disease Overview The largest artery in your body is the aorta, which leads from the heart to the abdomen. The carotid arteries extend from the aorta to the brain, and supply blood to the brain.
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If you press gently on either side of your windpipe, in your neck, you may feel pulsations from the carotid arteries. Like any artery in the body, the carotid arteries may become diseased and blocked inside, either partly or completely. The material that is deposited inside the arteries is called atheroma, from the ancient Greek word for porridge and is essentially a fatty deposit. It forms a mound or plaque. This will eventually cause a narrowing in the carotid artery, which is called stenosis.
As more plaque builds up, the arteries narrow and stiffen. This process is called atherosclerosis and is more likely to happen with aging.
Symptoms The build-up of atheroma in a carotid artery can cause a number of problems. Parts of the fatty deposit may break off and travel to the brain in the blood stream. When these particles lodge in a smaller artery in the brain they may cause a mini-stroke called a transient ischaemic attack or TIA or a full-blown stroke.
The severity of the problem caused is difficult to predict and depends on where these particles go.
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If these particles travel to the brain, you may experience loss of speech, weakness or numbness of an arm or perhaps an arm and a leg on one side of renal cancer in bones body. The side of the body experiences weakness depends on which carotid artery has caused the problem. For most right-handed people, the speech control centre of the brain is situated on the left, so disease in the left carotid artery may lead to speech problems. Alternatively, visual problems may occur where it seems as if a curtain has come down over one eye.
This happens because the particles have travelled to the artery supplying the eye. You may experience the following symptoms: Weakness, numbness, or a tingling sensation on one side of your body, for example, in an arm or a leg Inability to control the movement renal cancer in bones an arm or a leg Losing vision renal cancer in bones one eye, as if there were a curtain or a shutter Inability to speak clearly Sometimes the fragments that lodge in the brain or the eye break up and blood flow is restored.
In these circumstances, the symptoms are temporary. If the symptoms clear up renal cancer in bones 24 hours then it has been a mini-stroke TIA. However, these symptoms should not be renal cancer in bones and a mini-stroke is a warning that you may be at risk of having more mini-strokes or a full-blown stroke. These symptoms should be reported to your family practitioner immediately, as the highest risk seems to be soon after your first symptoms.
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If the symptoms do not improve within 24 hours, you have probably experienced a stroke. It is recommended that you contact your family practitioner, as you may experience further and possibly more disabling strokes without appropriate treatment. Diagnosis Your doctor will first ask about your general health and medical history, including about risk factors such as whether you smoke and about the frequency and timing of your symptoms.