Neuroendocrine cancer lung survival rate

Accepted Apr Copyright © The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.

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Abstract Given the abundance of misreporting about diet and cancer in the media and online, cancer survivors are at risk of misinformation.

The aim of this study was to explore cancer survivors' beliefs about diet quality and cancer, the impact on their behaviour and sources of information.

Interviews were analysed using Thematic Analysis.

Emergent themes highlighted that participants were aware of diet affecting risk for the development of cancer, but were less clear about its role in recurrence. Nonetheless, their cancer diagnosis appeared to be a prompt for dietary change; predominantly to promote general health. Participants reported that they had not generally received professional advice about diet and were keen to know more, but were often unsure about information from other sources.

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The views of our participants suggest cancer survivors would welcome guidance from health professionals. Keywords: beliefs, cancer survivorship, neuroendocrine cancer lung survival rate, information, knowledge, media 1.

The mechanisms linking dietary fat intake with cancer outcomes are not well understood but are thought to be related to sex hormones such as oestrogen.

TRACO 2015: Cervical Cancer - Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

On the other hand, intervention studies suggest that diet may influence outcomes indirectly via its role in energy balance Chlebowski et al. Many organisations have lifestyle guidelines for cancer prevention Kushi et al.

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Insufficient professional advice coupled with a desire for information may lead some cancer survivors to seek out information about diet themselves. However, when searching in popular media or online, cancer survivors are likely to encounter a wealth of information, not all of which will be reliable and accurate. There is an abundance of media misreporting of the dietary factors that are linked to cancer risk Goldacre, that could be misleading to patients, particularly if they believe the sources to be trustworthy.

1. Introduction

However, these studies did not explore survivors' use of the media for information about diet and were conducted some time ago. Determining cancer survivors' sources of information about diet and cancer will help understand why they hold particular beliefs about these factors.

Qualitative research enables us to capture a range of views and to explore why those views are held.

Среди цыплят и свиней я всегда - самый главный.

Methods 2. This also meant we would be representing a wide range of views, applicable to the wider survivorship population as opposed to focusing on a more specific group.

"Если я не ошибаюсь, - подумала она, - этот свет испускают скопления насекомых, подобных тем светлякам, что привели нас От усталости или волнения - либо по обеим причинам - вокруг все словно закружилось. Николь отшатнулась и протянула руки Ричарду.

Interviews were chosen over focus groups as we were interested in hearing about patients' individual beliefs and experiences, rather than determining a group consensus. Telephone interviews also encouraged individuals to take part that might have otherwise been put off by neuroendocrine cancer lung survival rate lack of flexibility around time e.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Imaging studies of 22 patients 12 men, mean age 60 years with histopathologically confirmed diagnosis, evaluated in the authors's institution during the last five years were retrospectively reviewed by two radiologists, with findings being consensually described focusing on changes observed at computed tomography. Only one typical carcinoid presented the characteristic appearance of central endobronchial nodule with distal pulmonary atelectasis, while the others were pulmonary nodules or masses. The atypical carcinoids corresponded to peripheral heterogeneous masses. One out of the three LCNCs was a peripheral homogeneous mass, while the others were ill-defined and heterogeneous. The 11 SCLCs corresponded to central, infiltrating and heterogeneous masses with secondary pleuropulmonary changes.

A qualitative methodology was chosen because we were not seeking to test a hypothesis, but rather to obtain a rich source of information to better understand the rationale behind dietary beliefs and changes in this population Holliday, During this telephone call, information was given about the study with an opportunity to ask questions.

We aimed to recruit until it was felt that saturation had been reached. Interviews lasted approximately 1 hr, and were recorded and transcribed verbatim.

  • Поскольку размер зала составляет полкилометра, вы можете показать здесь объект примерно в две тысячи километров длиной, не так .

  • Интеллигентным, чувствительным, любящим, остроумным, просто принц .

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  • Сегодня уже третий раз, - сообщил Патрик Николь, когда они следом за Кеплером и Галилеем вошли в дом.

A topic guide Figure  1 was developed by HC, KW and RB to guide the interviews and consisted of a series of open questions covering beliefs about the relationship between diet and cancer, sources of information and changes to diet following cancer diagnosis. This was part of a broader interview that also covered participants' views about other lifestyle neuroendocrine cancer lung survival rate and cancer.

  • Мистер Накамура очень злой человек.

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  • Они разрушают самодельный люк, которым мы перекрыли ход в наше подземелье, и наверняка скоро обнаружат тоннели.

  • Они были склеены вместе той мягкой, сладкой и липкой, во всем подобной меду субстанцией, которая так нравилась людям, когда вагончики привозили ее под купол.

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Interviewers were trained to have minimal verbal input and prompt only when appropriate Oppenheim, The topic guide was piloted with two participants whose data were included because no neuroendocrine cancer lung survival rate changes were required.